Scarecrow in Wizard of Oz
A transcription factor that plays a crucial role in plant root cell radial patterning and is required for maintaining the quiescent centre and differentiation of the endodermis of legumes–e.g., Lupinus albus and other plants. The gene controls a special leaf structure, known as Kranz* anatomy, and might be engineered to increase the efficiency of photosynthesis in maize and other food crops†.
*German for wreath
†Offering a potential solution for the growing human population facing crop space limitations.
J Exp Bot. 2010 March; 61(5): 1351–1363.