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fortified milkJoe Segen2016-12-26T16:46:12+00:00
Definition The formal* term for processed and pasteurised milk with added vitamin D, typically 400 IU vitamin D3/quart (0.94 L).
*Per the WHO–World Health Organisation and the FAO–Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations. There is little consistency in the amount of vitamin D that is actually added. In an older study in the US and Canada, only 20% of milk purchased contained 80-120% of the stated vitamin D; the other 80% of samples were either low–or even absent, increasing the risk of rickets, or too high–up to 3– to 9-fold greater, than the stated vitamin D content, increasing the risk of toxicity.
Reference NEJM 1993; 329:1507c