A species of black mould, a ubiquitous fungus, commonly known as Exserohilum rostratum, which is usually a saprophyte found in soil and on plants, especially grasses. It thrives in warm and humid climates, and is rarely a human pathogen. It can cause superficial infections–e.g., skin and cornea, or severe systemic infection in sinuses, lungs, pericardium, and bone, especially in immune compromised hosts. It was identified as the cause of the New England Compounding Center fungal meningitis outbreak of 2012-2013.
Synonyms Bipolaris halodes, Bipolaris rostrata, Drechslera halodes, Drechslera rostrata, Exserohilum halodes, Exserohilum rostratum, Helminthosporium halodes, Helminthosporium halodes var. tritici, Helminthosporium leptochloae, Helminthosporium rostratum, Luttrellia rostrata