Porphyromonas gingivalis

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Porphyromonas gingivalis2016-12-26T01:38:27+00:00

Porphyromonas gingivalis 

Porphyromonas gingivalis image from New Medical Terms

Scanning electron microscopy of Porphyromonas gingivalis

DENTISTRY, MICROBIOLOGY

A member of the phylum Bacteroidetes and a non-motile, gram-negative, rod-shaped, anaerobic pathogenic bacterium, which is found primarily in the oral cavity. It is best known for causing periodontal disease due to gingipain proteases, a capsular polysaccharide, induction of host cell proliferation and digestion of chemokines that recruit neutrophils–which would otherwise destroy the bacteria. P gingivalis-induced periodontal disease has been linked to an increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis and Alzheimer’s disease. 

Synonyms Gum disease bacteria 

Reference http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porphyromonas_gingivalis

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