Gambierdiscus toxicus

Home » Modern Medicine » Microbiology » Gambierdiscus toxicus
Gambierdiscus toxicus2016-12-26T00:47:42+00:00

Gambierdiscus toxicus

Gambierdiscus toxicus image from New Medical Terms

Gambierdiscus toxicus (scanning electron microscopy)

MICROBIOLOGY

Definition A species of dinoflagellates that produces maitotoxin*, the macromolecule responsible for ciguatera poisoning, which activates Ca2+-permeable, non-selective ion channels, leading to increased Ca2+ ions in the cytosol and apoptosis (programmed cell death).

Comment *It is named after the ciguateric fish Ctenochaetus striatus—called maito in Tahiti. 

Reference http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maitotoxin

Leave A Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.