pinch-off syndrome

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pinch-off syndrome2016-12-19T11:03:39+00:00

pinch-off syndrome

pinch-off syndrome imae from New Medical Terms

pinch-off syndrome

CRITICAL CARE

Definition An uncommon–up to 1% of cases–but serious complication of long-term placement of central venous catheters—CVCs, in which the catheter fragments and embolises through the heart into the pulmonary artery. POS occurs when a long-term CVC is compressed between the clavicle and the first rib, causing transient obstruction of the catheter, potentially causing a tear or even complete transection and embolisation of the catheter.

Synonyms Catheter fragmentation with subsequent embolisation, POS

References Am Surg. 2004 Jul;70(7):635-44
Bone Marrow Transplantation (2003) 31, 927–930.
doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1704022

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