absolute riskJoe Segen2016-12-12T03:32:19+00:00
Definition The observed or calculated probability of an event’s occurrence, X–e.g., toxicity, infection, etc.–in a population relative to its exposure to a specific hazard or pathogen. It is risk stated without any context whatsoever.
Example 172,570 people in America were diagnosed with lung cancer in 2005, a year in which there were approximately 290,000,000 Americans, yielding an absolute risk of 1:1680 of being diagnosed with lung cancer.
Adding context–e.g., age, smoking history, industrial exposure, etc. is used to define a person’s relative risk of suffering a particular condition.