A German SS officer, medical doctor, and notorious war criminal (16 March 1911 – 7 February 1979) who committed heinous war crimes at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Nazi concentration camp.
After being wounded in 1942 on the Russian front and pronounced unfit for combat, Mengele was assigned to Auschwitz, where he personally selected 400,000 prisoners to die in the gas chambers. He performed pseudoscientific experiments and took a particular interest in twins. Of the 3,000 twins who passed through the camp during World War II, only 26 pairs survived. In addition to the twin studies, he burned some prisoners in an oven to determine the time required for getting 1st-, 2nd- and 3rd-degree burns; in others, he assessed the amount of force need to crush their skulls.
Menegele held a doctorate in anthropology from Universität München and degree in medicine from Universität Frankfurt. After the war, Mengele went to Argentina, then Paraguay, and finally settled in Brazil where he died in the ocean, either by drowning or due to a heart attack sustained whilst swimming. Israel authorities traced him after his death and found his remains in 1985 in the Embu das Artes cemetary