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Background: "The macrolides are a group of drugs (typically antibiotics) whose activity stems from the presence of a macrolide ring, a large macrocyclic lactone ring to which one or more deoxy sugars, usually cladinose and desosamine, may be attached. The lactone rings are usually 14-, 15-, or 16-membered. Macrolides belong to the polyketide class of natural products."
Uses: "Antibiotic macrolides are used to treat infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria (e.g., Streptococcus pneumoniae) and Haemophilus influenzae infections such as respiratory tract and soft-tissue infections. The antimicrobial spectrum of macrolides is slightly wider than that of penicillin, and, therefore, macrolides are a common substitute for patients with a penicillin allergy. Beta-hemolytic streptococci, pneumococci, staphylococci, and enterococci are usually susceptible to macrolides. Unlike penicillin, macrolides have been shown to be effective against Legionella pneumophila, mycoplasma, mycobacteria, some rickettsia, and chlamydia."
|Infectious Disease -ALL Agents (INDEX)|
|Background: "Ketolides are antibiotics belonging to the macrolide group. Ketolides are derived from erythromycin by substituting the cladinose sugar with a keto-group and attaching a cyclic carbamate group in the lactone ring." [Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ketolide]|
Antimicrobials - Infectious Disease
|Anti- Fungals||Anti-Herpetic Agents||Anti-Influenza Agents|
|Fluoroquinolones||Glycopeptides||HIV (anti) Agents|
|Sulfonamide antibiotics||Tetracyclines||Tuberculosis (anti) agents|