people smuggling in the Mediterranean
The facilitation, transportation, attempted transportation or illegal entry of a person or persons across an international border, in violation of one or more countries laws, either clandestinely or through deception, such as the use of fraudulent documents.
Cost The fee paid to people smugglers ranges from $4000 for Mexicans smuggled to the US to $75,000 for Chinese smuggled to the US.
Numbers 350,000 Mexicans/year to US; 800,000 (various countries)/year to EU
Deaths 464 recorded deaths in Mexico to US border crossings (2004); 2000 (estimated) drown/year in boats from Africa to Europe; the exact figures are unknown
• The person being smuggled generally cooperates with the smuggler
• There is no actual or implied coercion.
• Persons smuggled are complicit in the smuggling crime; they are not victims of the crime of smuggling, but may become victims depending on the circumstances of their smuggling
• Persons are free to leave, change jobs, etc.
• The smuggler facilitates the illegal entry of person(s) from one country into another.
• Smuggling always crosses an international border.
• Person must only be in country or attempting entry illegally.
Synonyms Human smuggling, migrant smuggling