high altitude disease
A form of mountain sickness that affects feedlot cattle kept at higher altitudes (above 1000 m), which is characterised by congestive heart failure
Exacerbating conditions Anaemia, myocardial disease, lung disease, hypoproteinaemia
Lab Polycythaemia, increased haemoglobin, increased PO4, increased K+, decreased Ca2+
Clinical findings Weight loss, fatigue, weakness, coarsening of fur, pain, flatulence, tachycardia, tachypnea
Management Avoid exercising the animals—hand feed them, use digitalis and diuretics, hyperbaric chamber, return the animals to lower altitudes. The condition affects the ventral parasternal muscles–the so-called brisket region of the cow.
Synonyms Brisket disease, high mountain disease, high mountain dropsy
WILDERNESS MEDICINE Mountain sickness–defined elsewhere on this website