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Fluconazole - Diflucan ®
|The authors make no claims of the accuracy of the information contained herein; and these suggested doses and/or guidelines are not a substitute for clinical judgment. Neither NewMedicalTerms Inc. nor any other party involved in the preparation of this document shall be liable for any special, consequential, or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any user's use of or reliance upon this material. PLEASE READ THE DISCLAIMER CAREFULLY BEFORE ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE. BY ACCESSING OR USING THIS SITE, YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS SET FORTH IN THE DISCLAIMER.|
|NS , D5W|
Standard Dilutions [Amount of drug] [Infusion volume] [Infusion rate]
[200 mg] [100 ml] [1 hour]
[400 mg] [200 ml] [2 hours]
Stability / Miscellaneous
|EXP: SINGLE-DOSE CONTAINER. DISCARD UNUSED PORTION. Intact containers: Refer to the expiration date on the package (supplied as sterile iso-osmotic solutions containing 2 mg/mL of fluconazole.)
Label: Protect from freezing. Avoid excessive heat.
Maximum IV rate: 200 mg/hr.
Oral: Oropharyngeal candidiasis: 200mg orally x 1, followed by 100mg orally once daily. Esophageal candidiasis: 100-200 mg orally once daily (up to 400mg/day). Cryptococcal meningitis: 400mg orally x 1, followed by 200mg orally once daily x 10-12 weeks (Suppression: 50-200mg orally once daily). Onychomycosis: 200-300mg once weekly or 100-200mg orally every other day (further studies needed).
IV: since oral absorption is rapid and essentially complete--IV dose=oral dose.
Renal dosing: >50/ no change || <50 / 50% of usual dose. || Alternatively: 20 to 50/ give normal dose q48h. || <20 / 50% of usual dose q48h. || Hemodialysis: give 100-200mg after each dialysis. || CAPD: give 50% of usual dose at usual interval.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
SINCE ORAL ABSORPTION IS RAPID AND ALMOST COMPLETE, THE DAILY DOSE OF FLUCONAZOLE IS THE SAME FOR ORAL (TABLETS AND SUSPENSION) AND INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION. In general, a loading dose of twice the daily dose is recommended on the first day of therapy to result in plasma concentrations close to steady-state by the second day of therapy.
The daily dose of fluconazole for the treatment of infections other than vaginal candidiasis should be based on the infecting organism and the patient’s response to therapy. Treatment should be continued until clinical parameters or laboratory tests indicate that active fungal infection has subsided. An inadequate period of treatment may lead to recurrence of active infection. Patients with AIDS and cryptococcal meningitis or recurrent oropharyngeal candidiasis usually require maintenance therapy to prevent relapse.
Oropharyngeal candidiasis: The recommended dosage of fluconazole for oropharyngeal candidiasis is 200 mg on the first day, followed by 100 mg once daily. Clinical evidence of oropharyngeal candidiasis generally resolves within several days, but treatment should be continued for at least 2 weeks to decrease the likelihood of relapse.
Esophageal candidiasis: The recommended dosage of fluconazole for esophageal candidiasis is 200 mg on the first day, followed by 100 mg once daily. Doses up to 400 mg/day may be used, based on medical judgment of the patient’s response to therapy. Patients with esophageal candidiasis should be treated for a minimum of three weeks and for at least two weeks following resolution of symptoms.
Systemic Candida infections: For systemic Candida infections including candidemia, disseminated candidiasis, and pneumonia, optimal therapeutic dosage and duration of therapy have not been established. In open, noncomparative studies of small numbers of patients, doses of up to 400 mg daily have been used.
Urinary tract infections and peritonitis: For the treatment of Candida urinary tract infections and peritonitis, daily doses of 50 to 200 mg have been used in open, noncomparative studies of small numbers of patients.
Cryptococcal meningitis: The recommended dosage for treatment of acute cryptococcal meningitis is 400 mg on the first day, followed by 200 mg once daily. A dosage of 400 mg once daily may be used, based on medical judgment of the patient’s response to therapy. The recommended duration of treatment for initial therapy of cryptococcal meningitis is 10 to 12 weeks after the cerebrospinal fluid becomes culture negative. The recommended dosage of fluconazole for suppression of relapse of cryptococcal meningitis in patients with AIDS is 200 mg once daily.
Prophylaxis in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation: The recommended fluconazole daily dosage for the prevention of candidiasis of patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation is 400 mg, once daily. Patients who are anticipated to have severe granulocytopenia (less than 500 neutrophils per cu mm) should start fluconazole prophylaxis several days before the anticipated onset of neutropenia, and continue for 7 days after the neutrophil count rises above 1,000 cells per cu mm.
Dosage In Patients With Impaired Renal Function:
These are suggested dose adjustments based on pharmacokinetics following administration of multiple doses. Further adjustment may be needed depending upon clinical condition.
Fluconazole injections in flexible plastic containers are intended only for intravenous administration using sterile equipment.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration whenever solution and container permit.
Do not use if the solution is cloudy or precipitated or if the seal is not intact.
Directions for IV Use of Fluconazole in Flexible Plastic Containers
Do not remove unit from overwrap until ready for use. The overwrap is a moisture barrier. The inner bag maintains the sterility of the product.
CAUTION: Do not use flexible plastic containers in series connections. Such use could result in air embolism due to residual air being drawn from the primary container before administration of the fluid from the secondary container is completed.
DO NOT ADD SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICATION.
(Use Aseptic Technique)
1.Close flow control clamp of administration set.
WARNING: Do not use flexible container in series connections.
Fluconazole Injections in Flexible Plastic Containers are supplied in the following:
NDC ---- Size
0409-4684-02 - Fluconazole in Dextrose Diluent 400 mg/200 mL
0409-4688-23 - Fluconazole in Sodium Chloride Diluent 200 mg/100 mL
0409-4688-02 - Fluconazole in Sodium Chloride Diluent 400 mg/200 mL
Storage: Store at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing.
Manufactured by Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA
Source: [package insert]