Paris syndrome

Paris syndrome2016-12-28T04:08:52+00:00

Paris syndrome

Paris syndrome image from New Medical Terms

Paris syndrome


A rare–10-15/year (estimated)–and poorly studied phenomenon described in Japanese nationals, which consists of an acute mental breakdown in otherwise normal individuals visiting Paris, as well as France or Spain.

Some workers regard the syndrome as a severe form of culture shock that can express itself as physical and emotional symptoms of anxiety, derealisation, depersonalisation, acute delusional states, persecutory ideas, and hallucinations.

Hypotheses why the Japanese are affected include apparent suggestibility regarding an idealised image of Paris, which doesn’t quite mesh with reality, unexpected cultural norms, a strong language barrier, and physical and mental exhaustion.

Management Psychotherapy, supportive measures, and co-morbidities identified and managed as appropriate. 


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