depressive personality disorder
A pervasive pattern of depressive thoughts and behaviours beginning by early adulthood and occurring in various contexts. Depressive personality disorder–DPD has features of both a mood disorder, and a personality disorder.
DPD has waxed and waned in popularity as an entity a sui generis over the past few decades. It was in the DSM-II, removed from the DSM-III and DSM-III-R; regarded as worthy of study in the DSM-IV-TR; and was proposed as a clinical entity in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–DSM 5 (2013), but not accepted in the final version.
Features of depressive personality disorder
• Mood is dominated by dejection, gloominess, cheerlessness, joylessness, unhappiness
• Self-concept centres around beliefs of inadequacy, worthlessness, and low self-esteem
• Is critical, blaming, and derogatory towards the self
• Broods and worries
• Is negativistic, critical, and judgmental toward others
• Is pessimistic
• Is prone to guilt or remorse
Synonym Melancholic personality disorder