antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder characterised by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others which begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. Those with APD typically have an impoverished moral sense and a history of crime, legal problems, impulsive and aggressive behaviour.
APD is defined in the DSM-5 based on 4 diagnostic criteria, of which Criterion A has 7 sub-features.
A. Disregard for and violation of others rights since age 15, as indicated by one of the seven sub features:
• Failure to obey laws and norms by engaging in behavior which results in criminal arrest, or would warrant criminal arrest
• Lying, deception, and manipulation, for profit tor self-amusement,
• Impulsive behavior
• Irritability and aggression, manifested as frequently assaults others, or engages in fighting
• Blatantly disregards safety of self and others,
• A pattern of irresponsibility and
• Lack of remorse for actions (American Psychiatric Association, 2013)
The other diagnostic criteria are:
B. The person is at least age 18,
C. Conduct disorder was present by history before age 15
D. and the antisocial behavior does not occur in the context of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder