Buford complex

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Buford complex2016-11-12T06:39:25+00:00

Buford complex 

Buford complex image from New Medical Terms

Buford complexendoscopy


A variant of the superior labrum/biceps complex characterised by a thick, cordlike middle glenohumeral ligament and a large anterosuperior foramen due to a reduced/absent anterosuperior labrum.

The Buford complex (BC) was once regarded as a normal anatomic variant with minimal clinical significance, a posit that has been questioned given its association with SLAP–superior labrum anterior-posterior lesions.

While the BC occurs in ±1.5% of the general population and can be confused with a labral tear, labrum absence occurs in the superior-anterior quadrant, an uncommon site of labral tear. 

Synonym Cord-like middle glenohumeral ligament and absent anterosuperior labrum complex 

References J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2005 Nov-Dec;14(6):565-9


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