intellectual disability

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intellectual disability2016-11-11T08:50:43+00:00

intellectual disability

intellectual disability image from New Medical Terms

intellectual disability

NEUROLOGY

Definition A disability that manifests itself before age 18, which is characterised by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behaviour, related to everyday social and practical skills. Intellectual disability is defined by IQ tests for which 70 (or 75) or below are generally accepted cutoffs.

The US Supreme Court weighed to fine tune the definition of intellectual disability as related to the death penalty in Hall vs Florida (2014)

Synonym Mental retardation

References http://aaidd.org/intellectual-disability/definition#.UzgyB61dUjc

http://blog.constitutioncenter.org/2014/03/court-tackles-intellectual-disability-and-the-death-penalty-on-monday/

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