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刘永富在改革开放与中国扶贫国际论坛上的演讲

来源: CNBM发布时间: 2017-11-08

在改革开放与中国扶贫国际论坛上的演讲

liuyongfu

2018nian11yue1ri

zunjingdegeweijiabin,nvshimen、xianshengmen:

shangwuhao!

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第一,中国有一个坚强的领导核心。中国共产党和中国政府高度重视脱贫攻坚,习近平总书记作为党和国家的领导核心,始终把脱贫攻坚摆到治国理政的重要位置,亲自研究亲自部署亲自督战。他走遍中国所有集中连片特困地区,40多次国内考察涉及扶贫,每年都召开专题会议研究扶贫。中共十九大以来的一年多里,习近平总书记每月都对扶贫工作提出要求。一个大国大党的领导核心,对贫困有真切体验,对扶贫有丰富经验,对脱贫有使命担当,成为激励和引领脱贫攻坚的关键。

第二,中国有一个明确的减贫目标。脱贫攻坚的目标,就是到2020年现行标准下农村贫困人口实现脱贫、贫困县全部摘帽、解决区域性整体贫困。贫困人口脱贫的标准,就是人均纯收入稳定超过国家扶贫标准且吃穿不愁,义务教育、基本医疗、住房安全有保障。实现这一目标意味着中国将历史性地消除绝对贫困,提前10年实现联合国2030年可持续发展议程确定的减贫目标。

第三,中国有一个精准的基本方略。实施精准扶贫精准脱贫基本方略,是习近平总书记40多年长期探索的结晶,是中国扶贫理论和扶贫实践的重大创新。改革开放初期,中国农村普遍贫困,需要通过普惠性的政策措施,使大部分地区和群众受益。现在,情况发生了很大变化,需要因地制宜,分类施策,精准帮扶。我们组织几百万人逐村逐户采集核实贫困信息,统一建档立卡,把扶持对象找出来,解决“扶持谁”的问题。我们选派数百万干部到贫困村驻村帮扶,把谁来帮怎么帮定下来,现在有过百万的党政机关、企事业单位的工作人员驻在贫困村进行帮扶,解决“谁来扶”的问题。我们加强基础设施和公共服务建设,让贫困地区的生产生活条件逐步好起来,我们根据贫困人口致贫原因,让帮扶措施实起来,解决“怎么扶”的问题。我们对贫困人口退出和贫困县摘帽进行专项评估检查,注重脱贫质量,解决“如何退”的问题,确保脱贫实效经得起实践和历史检验。精准扶贫精准脱贫方略的贯彻实施,促进了农村全面深化改革,培养锻炼了大批干部,提升了农村的治理能力和工作水平。

第四,中国有一套超常规的政策举措。我们建立脱贫攻坚的责任体系,实行中央统筹、省负总责、市县抓落实的工作体制,中西部22个省份党政主要负责同志向中央签署脱贫攻坚责任书、立下军令状,攻坚期内贫困县党政正职保持稳定,省市县乡村五级书记抓攻坚。我们建立脱贫攻坚政策体系,制定超常规的政策措施,打出组合拳,不断改善贫困人口生产生活条件,支持发展产业和就业扶贫,对生活在一方水土养不活一方人地方的贫困人口实行搬迁。我们建立脱贫攻坚的投入体系,加大财政资金、金融资金和土地政策支持力度,现在每年有过万亿元资金投向贫困县乡村用于攻坚。我们建立脱贫攻坚动员体系,广泛动员全党全社会力量参与扶贫。我们建立脱贫攻坚监督体系,促进责任落实、政策落实、工作落实。我们建立脱贫攻坚考核体系,对省级党委和政府扶贫开发工作成效每年进行考核,对做得好的进行表彰奖励,对做得不好的进行执纪问责。

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